Location and Demographics
Frederick County is fast growing. In 2014 the U.S. census bureau estimated
a population of 82,377 in 32,400 households with 78.3% homeownership.
24.10% were persons 45 to 64 years of age while 15.2% were persons 65 years and older.
These numbers are slightly higher than the state average.
Household income was approximately $68,500 with an average home price of $227,000.
Winchester City’s population was estimated at 27,543.
Winchester Frederick County is grounded in history
with a focus on the future.
Leaders of its growth are WMC and Shenandoah University
The Medical School of the Valley of Virginia was founded in 1826.
In 1903 Winchester Memorial Hospital opens and then in 1990 moves to its suburban campus.
It has now become one of seven largest medical centers in Virginia.
Winchester Medical Center became part of Valley Health in 1994 which oversees 6 hospitals.
Its services include a surgi-center and urgent care facilities.
In 2012, Winchester Medical Center (WMC) completed a $161 million campus expansion which expanded emergency services, added intensive care unit beds, and provides an intimate healing environment for families and newborns using our Newborn Intensive Care Unit.
WMC is rated among the top five hospitals in Virginia by U.S. News & World Report.
An institution whose roots go back to Dayton Ohio in 1875,
Shenandoah College and Shenandoah Conservatory of Music moved to Winchester in 1960.
In 1974 the college and conservatory became a single institution with four divisions
that were the beginning of the Conservatory, the School of Arts & Sciences,
the School of Health Professions, and the Harry F. Byrd Jr. School of Business.
It became Shenandoah University in 1991
with approximately 4,000 students across more than 90 programs in seven schools,
including a pharmacy school and several doctorate programs.
To appreciate the depth of its community visit the website:
Winchester Frederick County is an incredibly rich and diverse environment.
Always nurturing economic development, its businesses have included
the historic Henkel Harris Furniture Company, the Capitol Record’s East Coast Pressing Plant
as well as Rubbermaid and many other factories. In more recent years the ripple effect from the nation’s capital has brought FEMA, Navy Federal Credit Union headquarters
and now the FBI as well as many other companies.
The above chamber and economic development sites welcome new businesses.
Employees’ families enjoy small city life with affordable homes, good schools and lower taxes within reach of international airports, city shopping, national theatres and museums.
The Winchester Frederick County area offers its own wealth of local culture and entertainment
including the week long Apple Blossom Festival in May a tradition since 1924.
The many museums include Patsy Cline’s home, the Old Courthouse Civil War Museum and
the Discovery Museum with four floors of educational fun including a roof top terrace.
The crown jewel is The Museum of the Shenandoah Valley with historic Glen Burnie
on 214 acres with six acres of themed gardens offering quiet walks and concerts.
Glen Burnie built in 1794 had by 1960 become a showcase of high style before being added
to the national register of historic homes and dedicated to the public.
In 2005 the 50,000 sq ft museum offering exhibitions and events was added to the site.
There are several city and county recreational parks as well as Frederick County Fairgrounds.
Skyline drive, the Appalachian Trail, the Shenandoah River and various caverns are not far.
The State Arboretum of Virginia at Blandy affiliated with UVA is only a few minutes drive.
The Old Town Walking Mall is vibrant with restaurants and shops.
The Conservatory offers more than 300 concerts a year as well as the summer stock theatre.
Winchester Little Theatre thrives in the historic downtown train station.
The seasonal old time Drive-In Movie Theatre is one of the few surviving.
Bridgeforth Field is home to the Winchester Royals Baseball Team
who play in the Northern Division of the Valley Baseball League. The Royals are the most successful team in the history of the Valley League, with thirteen Championships won.
Winchester Speedway opened its track in 1936
originally named Airport Speedway because of its location near Winchester Airport.
Grandstands overlook the clay track where speeds have been recorded at 115 mph.
Frederick County was formed in 1743.
French Jesuit expeditions may have entered the valley as early as 1606.
Quaker settlements began as early as 1729, soon followed by German and Scots–Irish settlers who migrated up and down the valley along the long-traveled Indian Path
later called The Great Wagon Road, now Route 11, which parallels I-81.
Lord Fairfax of Fairfax County resided in nearby Greenway Court
dying in 1781 with his final resting place at the Episcopal Church on Boscawen St
Winchester, founded in 1744, was chartered in 1752.
It became independent of the county in 1874 although it still serves as the county seat.
Winchester harbored George Washington’s headquarters
during the French and Indian War as well as his first surveying office.
Washington represented Frederick County in his first elective office
to the House of Burgesses in 1758.
His home still stands although now privately owned.
Many Civil War battles were fought here including the Battle of Cedar Creek.
That battlefield is now part of Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Park.
George Washington National Forest is also a part of Frederick County.
Winchester is the oldest city in the commonwealth west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
It has one of the earliest water systems established in 1808.
In 1826, The Medical School of the Valley of Virginia was founded
An accessible destination with north south migration on the Great Valley Rd,
it also offered relatively easy access east to Alexandria and other port cities
by what is now known as Rt 50 and Rt 7.
The local railroad completed in 1837 offered passenger service until 1958.
Winchester has been home to many recognizable figures
including singer Patsy Kline, musician John Kirby, author Willa Cather
and the famous Byrd family including Admiral Byrd of Antarctic fame.